Simply separating non-smokers within the same areas, such as a workplace or restaurant, will keep them from being exposed to secondhand smoke. See the factsheets for more details in the downloads box above. The association became borderline statistically significant; however, these variables could potentially be intermediates. Cancers of the sinus cavity are also possible. Diabetes Care ; If someone smokes in your car, there is no way to avoid the dangers of second-hand smoke.
Dangers of second-hand smoke
Tobacco Smoke And Asthma Tobacco smoke, whether you inhale from your own cigarette or breathe in secondhand smoke, is dangerous to your health. Smoke will travel throughout the house no matter where the cigarette is being smoked. Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; The researchers found that even a brief minute exposure to secondhand smoke had a harmful effect on the blood vessels of the nonsmokers. Smoke filled rooms can have up to six times the air pollution as a busy highway.
Health Risks of Secondhand Smoke
To control for the effect of these potential confounders, we conducted sensitivity analyses of studies that adjusted for these variables. However, since the levels of exposure to secondhand smoke are lower than in active smoking, the effects of secondhand smoke tend to be less severe. New Zealand Maternity Clinical Indicators Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In this meta-analysis, SHS exposure appeared to be associated with LTBI and active TB after adjustment for a limited number of factors, although one caveat is that the possibility of confounding could not be completely ruled out, especially in the stratified analyses for SES and the study quality. Accessed February 2,
Blood Measurements Details of the laboratory analysis of blood samples have been given elsewhere. Estimates comparing extreme categories of exposure were slightly strengthened but nonsignificant when we conducted sensitivity analyses for total exposure restricted to participants for whom information was complete for both sources of exposure 1. View inline View popup. Am J Gastroenterol ; Introduction According to recent global health estimates, tuberculosis TB is among the top ten causes of global mortality and ranks second after cardiovascular disease CVD in most high-burden regions [ 1 , 2 ]. Worldwide burden of disease from exposure to second-hand smoke: In the baseline questionnaire in , we obtained information on parental history of diabetes, education, body silhouette at age 8, menopausal status, weight, height, physical activity, treated hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia.