We were out in the streets and went to the Brandenburg Gate and watched the Nazis marching into power. Restaurants were open almost all night. People were drinking, there was a huge commotion.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Launch the interactive Genocide Under the Nazis Timeline. Adolf Hitler, leader of the largest party in the German parliament, achieves power legally and is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
While the Nazis were focusing on putting Germans back to work in the midst of the Great Depression, they also unleashed attacks on their political opposition as soon as Hitler became chancellor. If this fire, as I believe, turns out to be the handiwork of Communists, then there is nothing that shall stop us now from crushing out this murderous pest with an iron fist. Marinus van der Lubbe was the man the Nazis captured that night.
In Poland, no one writes about the tragic fate of homosexuals during the Nazi era. Nothing has been published about the thousands of Polish homosexuals who became death camp victims. The Napoleonic Code of served as the model for this kind of progress.
The discovery of Nazi concentration camps towards the end of WW2 revealed the full horror of Hitler's plans to exterminate Europe's Jews and other minorities. The media reports of the systematic slaughter shocked the world. What happened in Germany to lead to these events?
Around the turn of the century there was a fairly significant gay rights movement in Germany under the leadership of Magnus Hirschfeld and his organization, the Scientific Humanitarian Committee. The major goals of the movement were to educate the public and to bring about the repeal of Paragraph At the close of World War I, there was a somewhat more liberal climate in Germany and the Weimar Republic, while it did not repeal the existing law, did not enforce the law with the same zeal as the First Reich.
It was early morning when Friedrich-Paul von Groszheim was dragged from his bed by the Gestapo. He was arrested in the port of Lubeck with with other suspected homosexuals in You were beaten until you finally named names.
On January 30,Adolf Hitler was named chancellorthe most powerful position in the German government, by the aged President Hindenburg, who hoped Hitler could lead the nation out of its grave political and economic crisis. Once in power, Hitler moved quickly to end German democracy. He convinced his cabinet to invoke emergency clauses of the constitution that permitted the suspension of individual freedoms of press, speech, and assembly. The Enabling Act of March 23, — forced through the Reichstag already purged of many political opponents —gave dictatorial powers to Hitler.
Upon the rise of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist German Workers Party the Nazi Party in Germany, gay men and, to a lesser extent, lesbianswere two of the numerous groups targeted by the Nazis and were ultimately among Holocaust victims. The Gestapo compiled lists of homosexuals, who were compelled to sexually conform to the "German norm". Between andan estimatedmen were arrested as homosexuals, of whom some 50, were officially sentenced.